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3. Exfoliation

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Exfoliation is more important than many people think and can really do wonders for your skin. Use exfoliating products to unclog pores and remove dead skin cells to improve skin health, brighten and help your other products absorb better.

You can use a mechanical peel as well as a scrub, or a chemical peel, which has ingredients such as lactic or salicylic acid to remove dead skin cells so that new healthy cells can form. Exfoliating products should be used twice a week and focus on the T-zone - where blackheads tend to be particularly difficult to remove.

Benefits of exfoliation

Skin cells die naturally and renew themselves every 28-30 days. When skin cells are not removed by exfoliation, they can clog pores, create flaky or rough patches and make your skin look dull. Exfoliation helps clear the top layer of skin by removing dirt, impurities and dead skin cells.

Regular exfoliation can also help prevent pimples, as bacteria and irritants are removed from the skin's surface. When exfoliation is done over time, it has also been shown to increase collagen production, increase elasticity, and reduce the appearance of fine lines. Exfoliation is simply a short- and long-term win for your skin.

  • Prevent clogged pores.
  • The production of collagen is improved, which can lead to fuller, more youthful-looking skin.
  • Causes your skin to produce more collagen and can make the skin appear more elastic.

Different types of exfoliation

There are two main types of exfoliating methods, mechanical and chemical.

The first method is mechanical exfoliation, usually in the form of scrubs or pads. In this case, you remove the top layer by mechanical action, often with immediate effect. It is important to be careful and start slowly (as with any new treatment) and follow up your exfoliation with a nourishing oil or cream.

The second method is chemical exfoliation, usually in the form of various acids applied to the skin, such as AHA and BHA, which lift the skin and remove the outer layer of skin. As the dead skin cells are removed, the formation of new skin cells is also stimulated.

Chemical exfoliation works against:

  • Acne
  • Large pores
  • Sun spots
  • Scars
  • Lines and wrinkles
  • Spotted skin

Best exfoliation for your skin type

Sensitive skin

If you have sensitive skin that is easily irritated by stronger skincare products, it may be wise to opt for a chemical exfoliation containing BHA acid. It is important to know how often to exfoliate for best results without irritation.

Dry skin

When skin is dry, it can be very helpful to use an exfoliating product with AHA acids. This type of exfoliating product often works in a moisturizing way that does your skin good.

Oily skin

Oily and greasy skin often requires a little more power. In addition, it is common for those with oily skin to be able to handle a little stronger exfoliation. For example, mechanical exfoliating products with slightly coarser grains.

Normal skin

Normal skin can be treated with regular mechanical exfoliation as well as chemical exfoliation. If you have normal skin, you should be able to try most methods without much risk of irritation.

Mixed skin

When your skin is both oily and dry, you need to treat each area of your face appropriately. This may mean that you can physically scrub one area but use chemical products on another.

Skin with acne

If you have problems with acne, it is wise to use exfoliating products with retinoids or with salicylic acid. They work effectively and should also be safe to use.

Some common questions about exfoliation

When should I exfoliate?

The most common practice is to exfoliate either in the morning or in the evening before applying other skincare products. When you remove dead skin cells, the subsequent skincare products may work better. If you have sensitive skin, you may not physically exfoliate more than once a week but use creams and face washes with acids that provide a deep exfoliating effect.

Can I exfoliate my face as often as I want?

It depends on your skin type. Oily skin can be exfoliated as often as you need. Dry skin should be a little more careful. Damaged skin should not be exfoliated.

What is meant by exfoliation?

Exfoliation is a skincare technique that aims to remove dead skin cells and improve the texture, tone and appearance of the skin. Using a gentle exfoliation, exfoliation helps to unclog pores and promote clear and healthy skin.

How do you exfoliate?

Exfoliation is an important step in any skincare routine. It helps to remove dead skin cells, clean the pores and promote new cell growth for a brighter and smoother complexion. To properly exfoliate your skin, start by gently cleansing your skin with a mild cleanser to remove dirt and oil. Then use a facial scrub or an exfoliating brush to physically remove the dead cells on the surface of the skin. After rinsing off the scrub, apply a moisturizing mask to nourish and balance the skin. Finish with a moisturizer and sunscreen to protect the skin.

The frequency of exfoliation depends on your skin type. If you have normal to combination skin, it is best to exfoliate 2-3 times a week. For those with sensitive skin, you should aim for 1-2 times a week. Those with oily or acne-prone skin may benefit from daily exfoliation.

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